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Troubleshooting & FAQs

I am using a rule from ESLint core, and it doesn't work correctly with TypeScript code

This happens because TypeScript adds new features that ESLint doesn't know about.

The first step is to check our list of "extension" rules here. An extension rule is a rule which extends the base ESLint rules to support TypeScript syntax. If you find it in there, give it a go to see if it works for you. You can configure it by disabling the base rule, and turning on the extension rule. Here's an example with the semi rule:

"rules": {
"semi": "off",
"@typescript-eslint/semi": "error"

If you don't find an existing extension rule, or the extension rule doesn't work for your case, then you can go ahead and check our issues. The contributing guide outlines the best way to raise an issue.

We release a new version our tooling every week. Please ensure that you check our the latest list of "extension" rules before filing an issue.

I get errors telling me "ESLint was configured to run ... However, that TSConfig does not / none of those TSConfigs include this file"

Fixing the Error

  • If you do not want to lint the file:
  • If you do want to lint the file:
    • If you do not want to lint the file with type-aware linting:
      • Use ESLint's overrides configuration to configure the file to not be parsed with type information.
        • A popular setup is to omit the above additions from top-level configuration and only apply them to TypeScript files via an override.
        • Alternatively, you can add parserOptions: { project: null } to an override for the files you wish to exclude. Note that { project: undefined } will not work.
    • If you do want to lint the file with type-aware linting:
      • Check the include option of each of the tsconfigs that you provide to parserOptions.project - you must ensure that all files match an include glob, or else our tooling will not be able to find it.
      • If your file shouldn't be a part of one of your existing tsconfigs (for example, it is a script/tool local to the repo), then consider creating a new tsconfig (we advise calling it tsconfig.eslint.json) in your project root which lists this file in its include. For an example of this, you can check out the configuration we use in this repo:

More Details

This error may appear from the combination of two things:

  • The ESLint configuration for the source file specifies at least one TSConfig file in parserOptions.project
  • None of those TSConfig files includes the source file being linted

When TSConfig files are specified for parsing a source file, @typescript-eslint/parser will use the first TSConfig that is able to include that source file (per to generate type information. However, if no specified TSConfig includes the source file, the parser won't be able to generate type information.

This error most commonly happens on config files or similar that are not included in their project TSConfig(s). For example, many projects have files like:

  • An .eslintrc.cjs with parserOptions.project: ["./tsconfig.json"]
  • A tsconfig.json with include: ["src"]

In that case, viewing the .eslintrc.cjs in an IDE with the ESLint extension will show the error notice that the file couldn't be linted because it isn't included in tsconfig.json.

See our docs on type aware linting for more information.

I get errors telling me "The file must be included in at least one of the projects provided"

You're using an outdated version of @typescript-eslint/parser. Update to the latest version to see a more informative version of this error message, explained above.

I use a framework (like Vue) that requires custom file extensions, and I get errors like "You should add parserOptions.extraFileExtensions to your config"

You can use parserOptions.extraFileExtensions to specify an array of non-TypeScript extensions to allow, for example:

module.exports = {
parserOptions: {
tsconfigRootDir: __dirname,
project: ['./tsconfig.json'],
extraFileExtensions: ['.vue'],

I am running into errors when parsing TypeScript in my .vue files

If you are running into issues parsing .vue files, it might be because parsers like vue-eslint-parser are required to parse .vue files. In this case you can move @typescript-eslint/parser inside parserOptions and use vue-eslint-parser as the top level parser.

- "parser": "@typescript-eslint/parser",
+ "parser": "vue-eslint-parser",
"parserOptions": {
+ "parser": "@typescript-eslint/parser",
"sourceType": "module"

The parserOptions.parser option can also specify an object to specify multiple parsers. See the vue-eslint-parser usage guide for more details.

One of my lint rules isn't working correctly on a pure JavaScript file

This is to be expected - ESLint rules do not check file extensions on purpose, as it causes issues in environments that use non-standard extensions (for example, a .vue and a .md file can both contain TypeScript code to be linted).

If you have some pure JavaScript code that you do not want to apply certain lint rules to, then you can use ESLint's overrides configuration to turn off certain rules, or even change the parser based on glob patterns.

Should I run ESLint on transpiled output JavaScript files?


Source TypeScript files have all the content of output JavaScript files, plus type annotations. There's no benefit to also linting output JavaScript files.

TypeScript should be installed locally

Make sure that you have installed TypeScript locally i.e. by using npm install typescript, not npm install -g typescript, or by using yarn add typescript, not yarn global add typescript. See #2041 for more information.

How can I ban <specific language feature>?

ESLint core contains the rule no-restricted-syntax. This generic rule allows you to specify a selector for the code you want to ban, along with a custom error message.

You can use an AST visualization tool such as typescript-eslint playground > Options > AST Explorer on its left sidebar by selecting ESTree to help in figuring out the structure of the AST that you want to ban.

For example, you can ban enums (or some variation of) using one of the following configs:

"rules": {
"no-restricted-syntax": [
// ban all enums
"selector": "TSEnumDeclaration",
"message": "My reason for not using any enums at all"

// ban just const enums
"selector": "TSEnumDeclaration[const=true]",
"message": "My reason for not using const enums"

// ban just non-const enums
"selector": "TSEnumDeclaration:not([const=true])",
"message": "My reason for not using non-const enums"

Why don't I see TypeScript errors in my ESLint output?

TypeScript's compiler (or whatever your build chain may be) is specifically designed and built to validate the correctness of your codebase. Our tooling does not reproduce the errors that TypeScript provides, because doing so would slow down the lint run [1], and duplicate the errors that TypeScript already outputs for you.

Instead, our tooling exists to augment TypeScript's built in checks with lint rules that consume the type information in new ways beyond just verifying the runtime correctness of your code.

[1] - TypeScript computes type information lazily, so us asking for the errors it would produce from the compiler would take an additional ~100ms per file. This doesn't sound like a lot, but depending on the size of your codebase, it can easily add up to between several seconds to several minutes to a lint run.

I get errors from the no-undef rule about global variables not being defined, even though there are no TypeScript errors

The no-undef lint rule does not use TypeScript to determine the global variables that exist - instead, it relies upon ESLint's configuration.

We strongly recommend that you do not use the no-undef lint rule on TypeScript projects. The checks it provides are already provided by TypeScript without the need for configuration - TypeScript just does this significantly better.

As of our v4.0.0 release, this also applies to types. If you use global types from a 3rd party package (i.e. anything from an @types package), then you will have to configure ESLint appropriately to define these global types. For example; the JSX namespace from @types/react is a global 3rd party type that you must define in your ESLint config.

Note, that for a mixed project including JavaScript and TypeScript, the no-undef rule (like any rule) can be turned off for TypeScript files alone by adding an overrides section to .eslintrc.cjs:

module.exports = {
// ... the rest of your config ...
overrides: [
files: ['*.ts', '*.mts', '*.cts', '*.tsx'],
rules: {
'no-undef': 'off',

If you choose to leave on the ESLint no-undef lint rule, you can manually define the set of allowed globals in your ESLint config, and/or you can use one of the pre-defined environment (env) configurations.

How do I check to see what versions are installed?

If you have multiple versions of our tooling, it can cause various bugs for you. This is because ESLint may load a different version each run depending on how you run it - leading to inconsistent lint results.

Installing our tooling in the root of your project does not mean that only one version is installed. One or more of your dependencies may have its own dependency on our tooling, meaning npm/yarn will additionally install that version for use by that package. For example, react-scripts (part of create-react-app) has a dependency on our tooling.

You can check what versions are installed in your project using the following commands:

npm list @typescript-eslint/eslint-plugin @typescript-eslint/parser

If you see more than one version installed, then you will have to either use yarn resolutions to force a single version, or you will have to downgrade your root versions to match the dependency versions.

The best course of action in this case is to wait until your dependency releases a new version with support for our latest versions.

How can I specify a TypeScript version / parserOptions.typescriptLocation?

You can't, and you don't want to.

You should use the same version of TypeScript for linting as the rest of your project. TypeScript versions often have slight differences in edge cases that can cause contradictory information between typescript-eslint rules and editor information. For example:

  • @typescript-eslint/strict-boolean-expressions might be operating with TypeScript version X and think a variable is string[] | undefined
  • TypeScript itself might be on version X+1-beta and think the variable is string[]

See this issue comment for more details.

Changes to one file are not reflected when linting other files in my IDE

tl;dr: Restart your ESLint server to force an update.

ESLint currently does not have any way of telling parsers such as ours when an arbitrary file is changed on disk. That means if you change file A that is imported by file B, it won't update lint caches for file B -- even if file B's text contents have changed. Sometimes the only solution is to restart your ESLint editor extension altogether.

See this issue comment for more information.


VS Code's ESLint extension provides an ESLint: Restart ESLint Server action.

I get no-unsafe-* complaints for cross-file changes

See Changes to one file are not reflected in linting other files in my IDE. Rules such as no-unsafe-argument, no-unsafe-assignment, and no-unsafe-call are often impacted.

My linting feels really slow

If you think you're having issues with performance, see our Performance Troubleshooting documentation.